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The concept of parody and the legitimate interests of parodists and copyright holders

Philippe-LaurentJudgment CJEU, 3 September 2014, Deckmyn and Vrijheidsfonds (C-201/13). Request for a preliminary ruling from the Hof van Beroep te Brussel (Belgium).

Belgian copyright law provides that “once a work has been lawfully published, its author may not prohibit caricature, parody and pastiche, observing fair practices”. This provision, which existed before the adoption of the InfoSoc Directive 2001/29/CE, and which has not been modified by the implementation of the latter, was clearly subject to interpretation (especially the last three words : “observing fair practices”).

Belgian Courts and Tribunals have therefore progressively established many conditions to be met in order to successfu [...]

CJEU in OSA: a victory for right holders against free use and of CMOs against the European Commission?

Sylvie-Nérisson“The answers from Luxembourg were much awaited not only due to the questions being interesting as such, but also because academia, the European Commission and the CJEU do not see eye to eye on these currently highly debated issues.”

In response to questions lodged by a Czech court (Krajský soud v Plzni) in a preliminary ruling procedure ( C‑351/12), the Court of Justice of the European Union decided earlier this year that there is no flexibility in the interpretation of the Infosoc directive (2001/29/EC) regarding limitations and exceptions to exclusive rights (points 40-41) and that the statutory monopoly position of a CMO complies with the requirements of the Services directive (200 [...]

Premier League claims copyright on football matches shown in copyright debate

YT Football“However, another aspect attracted my full attention.”

While preparing a post for this blog about the wonderful panel ‘Who owns the World Cup: The case for and against property rights in sports events’,  that concluded IViR’s 25th anniversary conference, something unusual stopped me.

I received an email from a colleague informing me that the videos of the conference (at least those of the panel discussions that were held in the magnificent Oosterhuiszaal) were available online on IViR’s YouTube channel. Very good news, especially for all the people who could not attend the conference and who have now the possibility to watch it (or at least parts of it) online.

However, another aspe [...]

Moral rights around the world (2014 ALAI Conference, Brussels)

ALAIIn 1993, the Belgian chapter of International Literary and Artistic Association (ALAI) organised an international conference in Antwerp on the moral rights of the author. This year, more than twenty years later, the international copyright community will gather in Brussels to discuss the Moral rights in the 21st century.  The central theme of this conference is the “changing role of the moral rights in an era of information overload”.

Various aspects of the moral rights in copyright will be examined during the two days of the conference (you can find the scientific programme here) The first day will “revisit” the moral rights and will map the scope and the boundaries of the moral ri [...]

France: new legislation on damages for copyright infringement

Brad-SpitzTwo Acts of 2007 and 2014 to fight against counterfeiting have modified the French Intellectual Property Code, in order to enable improved compensation for the rightholders as well as better protection of intellectual property rights.

In French intellectual property infringement cases, damages were traditionally supposed to cover the prejudice suffered, no more, no less. Punitive damages were not theoretically possible. However, Acts No. 2007-1544 of 29 October 2007 and No. 2014-315 of 11 March 2014 to strengthen the fight against counterfeiting have modified many aspects of the French Intellectual Property (‘IPC’) with regard to damages and remedies.

Calculation of the damages

Article [...]

Filtering away infringement: copyright, injunctions & the role of ISPs

KCB-IViR-Influx-Panel-Filtering

“The underlying key question – can technology solve this problem and, if so, should technology be allowed to determine law? – remains unanswered.”

On 2-4 July 2014 Information Influx, the 25th anniversary conference of the Institute for Information Law (IViR) was held in Amsterdam.

As part of the conference, on the morning of Thursday, 3 July a panel entitled Filtering away Infringement: Copyright, Injunctions and the Role of ISPs was held. The panel was set up as a mini mock trial of a topic that has been especially controversial in the area of online copyright infringement in recent years, particularly in Europe: that of injunctive orders imposed on internet intermediaries for the [...]

EU Commissioner Kroes: Our single market is crying out for copyright reform

Neelie-Kroes-IVIR“Every day citizens here in the Netherlands and across the EU break the law just to do something commonplace. And who can blame them when those laws are so ill-adapted.”

Speech Neelie Kroes, vice-president of the European Commission, delivered at the opening of Information Influx, the 25th anniversary conference of the Institute for Information Law (IViR) on 2-4 July 2014 in Amsterdam.

“Happy birthday to you all at the Institute for Information Law. I would sing you “Happy Birthday”. But technically I think the song is still under copyright — I don’t want to have to pay the royalty.

Today the debate about information, innovation, and intellectual property can be complex, personal, and [...]

A bill to amend the Spanish IP Law

Raquel-Xalabarder-Plantada“A clear intention to solve some of the most disturbing problems in Spanish IP.”

On February 14th, the Spanish Government approved a bill to amend the law of intellectual property (TRLPI).  The bill is currently in its parliamentary proceedings. It is a “patchwork” reform bill dealing with very different topics, some more necessary than others, and including some unexpected –last minute- additions and a curiosity.

Table of Contents

Implementing two directives
Education and research activities
Private copying
The Google tax
Press-clippings
Collective management organizations
Distribution of competences
Online piracy
Liability for copyright infringement
Progress of the proceedings

Im [...]
The TTIP-gate: a tale of access to documents, secrecy and EU powers

Ana-Ramalho“The Court added a cherry on top of the transparency cake.”

It is no secret that secrecy in the TTIP negotiations has been bothering several sectors of civil society (apologies, but the links to back this up were too many to insert here). Just last week, the Court of Justice has issued a decision in Case C-350/12  that sheds further light into this matter.

The case concerns a dispute over access to a document – the opinion of the Council’s Legal Service covering certain aspects of the opening of negotiations on an international agreement to make available to the United States some financial data. One of the elements of this document is an analysis of the legal basis and the respect [...]

Recently added copyright cases

KluwerThe KluwerCopyrightBlog is part of Kluwer’s IP Law portfolio. Whereas the blog serves as a platform where scholars and practioners can share their informed opinions on specific aspects of IP law and jurisprudence, the related Kluwer Copyright Cases Database aims to accumulate important (new and older) case law in the field of copyright in one database.

To satisfy the increasing curiosity about what is happening in the copyright courts of other EU member states, we regularly publish short overviews of cases that were recently added to the database.

The selection of this month includes recently submitted cases from the UK, France, Italy, Portugal, Hungary, Malta and Finland:

UK: Court of App [...]
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